Infographic: Applications of AFIS

The applications of Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems (AFIS) are increasingly being adopted by countries all around the globe. Biometric AFIS solutions have proven to be a much more secure and accurate tool to address the problems that traditional forms of identification present.

With a biometric AFIS system in place, government agencies such as border control, election commissions, and law enforcement can ensure accurate identification through unique biometric characteristics.

Infographic on Applications of Automated Fingerprint Identification Sytem AFIS

Is India’s UID Program a Harbinger on the Future of Large Scale Biometric Deployments?

fingerprints scanned for uid program

Photo: An Indian citizen in the process of having his fingerprints scanned for the UID program.

Introduction

India’s UID (Unique Identification) program is an ambitious government project to provide citizens a unique national identity to help improve the delivery of government services. The main reasons for implementing a biometric-based system are to:

  • Improve security
  • Reduce fraud and corruption
  • Facilitate a robust voting process

Although the program is still a work in progress, with more than 800 million people already enrolled, India’s UID (also known as “Aadhaar”) project is already the largest biometric identification program in the world.

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Ensuring Fair and Efficient Service Delivery with Biometrics for Government

biometrics for government

Biometrics for government is promising to increase both efficiency and transparency for public service benefit distribution and prevent government corruption and citizen identity theft.

In the era of technology sophistication, is there any solution that can help government organizations administer fair and efficient government service delivery? Governments from both developing and developed countries are struggling with transparency, efficiency, and accountability to deliver public services to citizens. Corruption in different levels of the distribution process, lack of accurate identity documents, and fraudulent activity hampers smoothly run government public service facilities. In this article we are going to demonstrate how the use biometrics for citizen identification is promising to increase both efficiency and transparency for public service benefit distribution and prevent government corruption and citizen identity theft.

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Biometric National ID in Latin America – Problems, Analysis, and Realities

biometric national ID cards in Latin America

Many Latin American countries stand to benefit from implementing a biometric national ID card for their citizens

The following post was written by Tanvir Ahmed, SEO Executive with M2SYS Technology

The Increased Need to Establish Ubiquitous Identities

Countries all around the world, especially those in Latin America, need to adopt modernized identification platforms that can help  governments more accurately identify citizens and visitors. Following the tragedy of 9/11 in the U.S., the integrity of identity documentation became a major issue for all governments across the globe. Governments of the United States and European countries have since moved towards broader, more secure border identification systems to fight against crime and terrorism.

A rising trend to bridge the persistent “identity gap” that exists in many Latin American countries is the implementation of national identity cards. A national identification card is a uniform document that proves you are who you say you are. It helps to centralize data and increase state capacity for more efficient distribution of goods and services. Biometric identifiers (e.g. fingerprint, palm vein, iris, and/or facial images) embedded on a microchip within the national ID card creates an additional layer of security. Biometric national identification systems are necessary for economic, social, healthcare and political development, and they also have proven to strengthen the effectiveness of government aid delivery programs plus they can be applied in the following contexts:

  • Prime focus is identification and authentication
  • Provide identity infrastructure for e-Government initiatives
  • Criminal identification
  • Enhance border security
  • Provide viable statistical support to federal and local governments
  • Interface with national healthcare system
  • Ensure safety, convenience and reliability of electronic payments
  • Citizens can use the ID card for traveling within Latin countries
  • Voter registration and Voting
  • Update population record

The growing rate in international crime and global terrorism combined with the increased need to provide official identification documentation for the underserved has driven many countries to invest in identity management system improvements.Though there is no blueprint for an effective, inclusive identification system, biometrics can play a major role in accurately verifying individual identities for many years to come.

Technological Concerns of Biometrics

Biometric technology helps to recognize an individual based on a particular physiological characteristic, such as fingerprint, finger vein, palm vein, iris or face. Various verticals of biometric technology have been used in different government sectors since the 1970s. In recent years, governments throughout the world are deploying biometric technology for use in national identity cards, voter registration, passports, border control, and law enforcement for criminal identification. As the technology has matured, many previous limitations of biometrics have been corrected and refined producing more accurate, flexible, and ubiquitous systems capable of use in multiple capacities.

Key Components of Biometric Technology

In general the biometric identification process requires three things: The first is a capturing device such as a biometric reader, scanner or camera which will scan or capture the biometric pattern of any individual. Second, computer hardware and software is needed to extract, encode and compare the biometric characteristics which were collected through the capturing device. Finally a biometric database is needed to store the collected templates. The whole process is automated. In most cases in it only takes a couple of seconds to perform a search.

A biometric national identification system is:

  • An identity verification system: any ID system is only as good as its ability to verify an identity in the first place
  • A complete database: gives basic information about the person’s age, weight, height, hair and eye color, address, etc.
  • A smart card: features an embedded “smart” chips, biometric interlocking, and linking of card data to a central database
  • A card verification system: requires a massive card verification architecture through all law enforcement agencies, border security, airport personal etc.

The Utilitity of “Biometric Identification”

Lack of formal identification creates difficulties for government officials to officially recognize citizens often precipitated by a combination of poverty and living in a rural or remote areas. In Latin America, the poor and those living in remote, rural areas often do not receive their basic rights through access to necessary services such as education, finance, social security, employment, or democratic participation due to a lack of any formal identification.

Biometric identification is much more accurate and secure than many traditional methods of identification and authentication. It also leaves a concrete audit trail for each and every transaction. Rural citizens without proper documentation can also be included in a biometric database and when combined with technology such as mobile phones, it can facilitate payments and services in remote and under served locations.

Existing Movement towards Biometrics

Many countries in Latin America already use biometric technology for more accurate citizen identification including: Bolivia, Colombia, Chile, Guatemala, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Mexico and Argentina are developing their own biometric national ID systems to prevent identity fraud and theft.

There are many other Latin American countries who still use traditional identification systems with large amounts of undocumented people due to political manipulation, lack of resources (training, skill and capacity), poverty, or extensive remote or rural populations.

Conclusion

The most persuasive argument in favor of a national biometric identification system is that it can help facilitate advancements in social, political, and economic development, and aid delivery by providing official identification to the under served.The success of any national ID program depends more on processes than on technologies including:

  • A country’s political situation
  • Capacity of government to implement a given system
  • Environment
  • Cultural factors
  • History of conflict
  • Poverty levels